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DANAM - The Database
Stūpas and Caityas
Heritage Focus Areas
Bhurtī Temple Complex
The Bhurtī temple complex is located 3 km north of Nārāyaṇa, the Dailekh district headquarter. It currently comprises 22 standing śikhara temples (or devala) and one stone fountain. Architectural activity at the site can be situated between the 13th and 15th century, a time period corresponding to the latter part of the Khaśa Malla empire and the early phase of the Rāskoṭi dynasty. In 2008, the “Bhurti Temple Complex of Dailekh” was enlisted on UNESCO’s World Heritage Tentative List by the Government of Nepal (criteria ii and iv).
Bhurtī Temple Complex
Patan Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square is the heart of the old town of Lalitpur and one of three royal squares in the Kathmandu Valley, all of which are declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites. One of its attractions is the ancient Royal Palace where the Malla Kings of Lalitpur resided. NHDP has documented many previously undocumented monuments located at this Square.
Patan Durbar Square
The Sinja Valley is located in West Nepal, in the Jumla district. The Sinja river runs through the valley before joining the flows of the Karnali in Kalikot district. The area is marked by stunning sceneries of fertile paddy fields, a preserved vernacular architecture and a number of heritage sites. The landscape is dotted by medieval stone pillars, śikhara temples and fountains. Close to the village of Haṭ Sinja is the site of a ruined medieval fortress often identified as Yatse (Ya rtse), the capital of the Khaśa Malla empire (12 th -14 th century). In 2008, the Sinja Valley was enlisted on UNESCO’s World Heritage Tentative List by the Government of Nepal (criteria ii and iii).
Kirtipur, an old Newar settlement of the Kathmandu Valley is believed to be founded by King Sadāśivadeva (ca. 1099-1126 CE). The citizens of this ancient Newar city have engaged in preserving the rich tangible and intangible heritage sites that have been included in the ‘World Heritage List Nominations’ by UNESCO. The city, with its numerous temples, stūpas, caityas or arcaded platforms, dynamised by several impressive processions, festivals and other cultural activities, is a remarkable repository of cultural heritage from Nepal. Kirtipur hosts the unique Bāghabhairava temple, Cilincva Caitya and Umāmaheśvara temple.
The Newar settlement of Sunaguthi, located c. 6 km south of Patan, is remarkably rich in its largely undocumented tangible and intangible heritage. Particularly the attempt to widen the main road where many of the heritage sites lie, has led to their extremely endangered status. NHDP has begun to document some of those vulnerable sites for a case-study – some of them are already online, please take a look (here).
From documentation to reconstruction
In very few selected cases, NHDP documents projects of community-based reconstruction of previously (and still) endangered heritage sites through close-up documentation. These will be helpful for further attempts of local groups to salvage endangered sites and be inspired as well as informed about possibilities of transforming endangered heritage into hopefully sustained sites in use. We start with two arcaded resthouses (phalca): LAL4100 and SUN4200.
From Documentation to reconstruction
Located south of Patan, Bungamati is an important settlement for intangible and tangible heritage. The predominantly Newar town’s historical core has been heavily damaged by the 2015 earthquakes. Nearly two thirds of the houses have been damaged or destroyed, many heritage monuments collapsed or are still endangered, including the temple of the main deity. Please take a look for the first documented monuments here....
Despite being of less geographical scale, Ikhalakhu is special because of its density of important Buddhist monasteries and temples. For example, the Trilingesvara Mahadeva temple has unique architectural features as well as an inscription from 379 CE, mentioning King Vasantadeva. 14 additional previously undocumented monuments have been entered into DANAM.
Pimbahal is a unique part of Patan’s urban heritage and dynamic life, with a high condensation of sites used for social, religious, economic and cultural purposes. It has a vibrant political and cultural history and life that also manifests in its larger ensemble of monuments, and intangible heritage.
Cyāsal is one of the few large open areas in the densely built old city of Patan. It is a remarkable habitat of both Newar urban cultural heritage and modern facets. Several Licchavi period stone inscriptions found here traces back its history to ancient period.